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         c:_OA{I, A{I G ȿJKa L?

J:_ ߵ ߵ cB{ z޿ Ϣ AK, cVJߵ{AK , TKJ W ޥJaϿAW ޥ I MG. TKJa Ȣ A { â TKJa յAZ Kߺ W MK I޵ ޢ , b iAK W ()K: Ra Ϣ KC aW ߺA X ޿ ߺ A W Q.(b W V:11/449W 1227.ޢ OV , ޵ߢ R: 1/203 W 400.ޢ OV ) MVG GI. x W K ޢ ޵ߢ iAK: BZ E 'a J 絿a W A ߺ G". x () MAK: 'ߢ Ϣ z K aϿA " ( : 1/379, OV: 3600)(b W V:2/280. :2171)(V:4/466.: 2167).

c:_TW Ka Vj L?.

J:_ TW Ka Vj a z WI VJA K. â a εZA a z JW dBZ Kc MG. MZ zI TAKW N cBZ KW U vA{ cVJߵ{A K â vAZ A x J B޵OZ V,dVj bA K J W . BZ MAK:'C a ޿ d պW ޿ i dɶcߺAK,aW VtAAZ KAU U I a KAJG, a KJZ ViMߺ KAJIA MK , MGW a Z ޵, a ޵, a ޵, a ޵, K޿ ߺW Ϣ A W, X K޿ W ĿW Ϣ A W W" (: 5/2384, OV:6137).

c:_ TW KK L {?

J:_1) () G ޢ V,ޢ b, ޢ ٶ, ޢ ާ, b O iߺ { RH J c () J KI K: a d޺ B A ߺ GX I ޿ â () dպߺ A cCW X ޢ, fACW A â. c B{޿ E. B A I dVjAâ JW () K c޿ Wߺ: CZ { I J KJ A X E K I :( dJa N () {AAI KA X K߿ K޿ X A K N a cBZ X I a A BI X K߿K. a cJW B{ V bA) B c H ߺ οB . (Kާ:6/168, b W V:9/31, V:5/569, :4/139, b :2/226) B dsB{W MG߿AK. dJ{ , ޥJ յAZ AK ޢ ٶW K iߺGI gJa (ާX JT W :ɼ:79) ({ީTbW Ķ: ɼ:408) . ߺ JX ߵZ a MVGVW V K VI I bc K WAI. KW J mߺI K K a OU V V ߺ bc W b W ' (ާX JT W :ɼ:80) Ac { ޵V RW V̪ X V̨ ֶX X V̨ WJXQ K dsJa: 54_55, ɼ{ NW ޵ RbUޢ W ķWޢ:ɼ:134) ޢ () RީTޢ:301. ߺGI, M b K ߺ ע JX ߵ{ x RAQ K: cB{ , ޢ WK, ޢ ĿK K, X gߺ ȿM޵K, gAJ ȿAKU bJ U U()I G ȿJW KK { (g޵X: ɼ:180) B W G, B{ {A ޢ I K mzV N MAK, bJ ߩ{ { { X {{ cVJ I B TW ȿJKK.

2_ () ޢ MVG K: f΢ ߿ɿK J V() () TA ĿIK V() K: BZA UJ J B{ TA BZ ĿI B AI MZ B{ {M () X J B{ K޿ AK BZA W V() K: B BZA A . (:1/342,3/1360) vA{I G ȿJKK c { K mzV N MAK.

c:_ MGvA{I TW ?

J:_ TW ޵K JW ߺAK MG cc ߺAKIK MGI TW cK TKJ W ޥJa X mz MAK.

c:_ KW MGI G ȿJKK L {?

J:_ JA A{R Q R{ TbW Ķ:408., ̡ȡ W a RW TbJQ K a 12.ޢ ɼ W ߢQW Φ:282. iAK. بW () K: () ZAK:RC GW K J I MK J K޿ AK ٶI KA ȿKK ٶI K޿ X AK, X C,A G MGGU, Ϣ a J AK, a JJ ޢfAK MGGU, J G K޿ X W AK, a BZ A, BZ AK, K EI MGW A I A ĿK A{ I WA X E ߺK X a dc AQ ޼ MVG GI. bc ޷cK { ټW RާW V Ķ W V: 268.ޢ ɼW cAGI.

d ت c mX 'W X W X W W W " ߺ ߵ X W ޼a W  (ĵյM) ت õJa ޢ VߵJ޿tߺ JA RWVW bQ K dsJa 52_53 ɼ{W MAK dVjW K޿ AK ٶ I X AK K J dVjAK AKI.  

2_ޢ ٶ, ޢ K' { , ޢ () W g MVG K: J I MK J () dVjȵ{W GR AK ٶI K޿ X AK......... K B dVj. ߺAK, ߺ B{I G ȿJW K cAKI. B{ W KW K X B{ AI ߵ K.

3_ ޢ b, ޢ , ޢ ޵, iAK b BZ MAK: ()a MG J () : a N b X a ޵K a ٶ I, a O E ٶ I J ޿A, A (b RW V:24/351, W b:1/68) ޢ ټW () K: ޢ b bc޷c O MVG GU (W WU:ɼ:150, W {: ɼ:218)

4_TW KKU {{W G ޢ a bW W ާG iAK RW ֵ f΢ ߺ J ޿ BZ Mߺ, () E BZ B{ aϿJ K Ja B{ a J A bIA B V A { {{ {VA . WJ Uf΢ GW B{ a {U b AW A cK. bW ޥ K dsJa VJ K K ߵ{ c B{ Ja ޷JU W KI ߺQ. Iޢ iAK B{AI TW K cVN.

5_ () W K { إT () W K { ټW () MVG K () E: () KZ EMZ cX B{A KK B g٢ bJ B{ CA VMߺ B{ cW K HJ g٢ a TW G KG g٢ E: d޺ B B{޿ EA BZ dߺ, CW K BZ BZA fM bJ KA BZ fߺ պ. B{ W AMG պB{W I ((C a J B{I dA B VB{ A ޿ V ޺J Ŀ, BZ VA I ޺JKcM W Ϣ V x bAK, c JAK)) W X a J dߺAK, B ߵW KAK B A I ޿ A Ŀ. WϢ B{ cW K w֢ K Ϣ a B{A AMGAK K. آբ ޢ ٶ RW X: 3/495 , V V:2/306 , W V: 5/265 , K:1/234 , ޢ Qo:3/557 , ޢ Tޥ 'JTߵ:3/1383 , { W "W T޵X:2/301 , ޢ b 'W V:12/380 , ޢ {T " ީW :4/1361 , { ޵V 'TާV:68_69 , ޢ KV "gVT:224., ޢ ټW 'TV:55., ޢ W ޵ "Uޢ:21 , x mz iߺGI.

آJK B{ ֵ ɵKI: ޢ TV MVG K () K Ra , a BZA B{ VNB{ KA {AM, B{ VNBZ WVNB{CW X ߵ{VMA, B{ VNBZ J X VAKCW BZA I X ޿ ޺JcM. (ޢ b RV{W ާ W :164).W iߺGI. iߺI { iW () K a O b޷c (μΩTާ: 9/24, {W ޶Q bVJ:3/297).

B{ cCW BZA MGK ע W ȿAK cB{ X K A Aޢ. ޢ () , bK VT޶ ()G MVG K: BZ E: RB{ VNBZ B{ GW K, JW K MGW {AM, B BZ K õ cB{CW JW MGV LA, BZ JcB{ KCW B{ VVPJA AK MAQ K dVjA . ޢ W ۥ RW V:ɼ:36., A mX AV V Wާ (JV:2/422).W JJ:105.ޢ Ja c޶cJ ߺGI.

6_TKJ W ޥJa mzV MAK. V() ()I TW آJWMG I TW K { ߿AX x. â V() ()I TW B{J x vA{I TW ޢ K cAX I. KW () TW X EJ Ja , d {AX I. Ac ޢ JW ޥ:2/216.W ߺGI. vA{AI TW KK { A RgAX:ɼ:50. cAGI. a { B{ J ע bJ TW آբ. ޢ ٶ ޢ b O MVG K. V()a õJ Uf΢ GMZ b W () B{ a J KI E: d޺ B NJ I Jâ BZ UJW JAK. B b B{ bJW VA V()a J AK , V()K ޢ Wߺ. ߺ b V()a J K A G V() W A .(K :6/356) آբ iߺI c 'V" K: a O bc (W J K: 7/74).

  Tȵߺ JA x ޺ A g٢ K: OA{ ٶb I CW bB{ ٶb I Ȣ I KAU G zVA aϿAW IK AKI Vjc. BU BZ VA a AW VK IK MAK. BU z V bA . ( :1/155)

߷

      (Wɵܢ EW ע) Gߵ{ di Ϣ (icd Ϣ Va) GW dߺ. M IZ NW K IJ. JX a fW G (J) . (Va ޼A AX X dި VtAK) MZ a VGW GX a dW AgJ޿fߺ. MZ (){ ߺ. B a E...... (JW b:15)

c: ߷ K IL VjAK ?

J:_ cX x{޿ A BZ ߿K J J cMK ߷I i֢.

c:_ J޿ Ϣ ĿW ?

J:_ . f Ϣ ĿMK c cVJ d VjJW AKX d WK I zV AK K bJâ. B AX cVJߵ{ AGI U {Z A Aޢ.

a W() MAK: R a AKAOZ ߺI AKQ (ߢ:4/1997) J U VJM, cc AW cVNA .

c:_ ߷ KK L {?

J:_ ߷ KK {{I. 1_صJ ߺ AK icJW ޢ () MVG K: ()E RJ {W cX Y A BZ VMW BA{ߺ W K J Ƣ I, I, ע N () I V Ϣ ĿK. (:2/537, ߢ:2/720). W ߺ صܼB{ cVj Ka W dA . X JW K vA{I , T cKK x {.

2_ ޢ b() MVG K: () E QB{W K C iG, CW J ߼ J պ Ϣ GK iA W a ε{ K BZ AX K {ߺG. x MVGW K BZ A Ϣ K BZA X J ε{I.(b RW V:17/117). ߺ޿ ߺAK޿ Ϣ Ŀޢ KK c . JX ߵ{ 'A" K: B{W VAC ߼ B{W պ GW 'a ε{ K AX" K {ߺ â. ע A K: a O bcK { iW EGI. VK A KcA X J AZ b KZ U޿ Ϣ ĿW KK W {I (g޵ X:ɼ: 202)

߷A { {W G RVJW պ x d U. BZ GG ߵ{ V bVPյߵ{޿ Ϣ ĿK B{ W BZ UJW K, CW BZA W C dJW K ߺ ߵQ ( ϥ:5/77, : 2/129)

B { Z ߷A { A IJX . i V N MAK A. K:((Ϣ B{ a d޺ {)) J ާ:55. Ja c޶cJW X() a di W K: R J ' " KW K ߺAK, O MG z ɿ (W W b:3/513) c޶cȢ { W a (W V: 2/383) ߺġ ޢ.

JAV WߺIAK ߵ ߺ {AX ޿ V {ߺW ZA K. ߺV ZA K ߺ VKU ޷B{W A Aޢ. V JA{C ߺ {ߺGIK ֵȢ ȿJޢ. AV ib()()J JW B{ J K J ߿AK () JGAK d A I ߿Ja J OBZ ߵ ע AV() K ' d޺ a M,N, K a J BA X VMAK B ߺAK J JK i. ߿J B{ ޢ JA. N B{ aϿAW պ B{ B VA B B{ AA ' K i() J {ߺ Ϣ Ŀ آբ ޢ x MVG GI. ޢ VTbޥ() a (JW X ާ W VX:394) A.

  bi() J ע () bi()a BW K AV bi() {ߺ آբ RW Q K dsJa VJ AK: AV()a J ע () bi()a BW KI : B{ ᶢ dɵMAG, B{ WdVJJ BA w K, Ϣ BZ B{ V޿I ޵J wcAAK, B{ Ȣ â ޵ AK, BZA I آJW պ x ȵ B V޿, B MG A I ֢, Ϣ i VX B{G fAX WAK, W X b AK, BA I X ޿ A Ŀ K, ............. BA a fIG' ..... آբ gTV:(W ߨ J Tb:ɼ:114)W iߺGI.

آJ bL bi() {ߺ آOȢ .

dɵ a VAa i V()a KW ȿK آ A. V() BK cJ AϺ B آ ߿J G{E GAUW dIK. Z G a { cJA A. J d A {L Vߺ. dW dA WĢ { I UGMH ߺ L BZA آߺ d J W N G AMGAK. UG ߺ B. d ɿ VA

B d { WMJ A UGMH EϺ Z ߺ K AK C aAI? a ɿ f G B{A Wߺ â K t dĢ. B t ߺ. B X d޿ K M, a b A EϺ. MZ d U {ϺI E X BZA GJa W K KAK. B ߵ G d ߵA KK. J d E X ޼J A I B{ GJW KA{ CI? CW g٢ A ޢ A. E B{ GJW KA{ ޢ I ߵU V()a εX I. B X V()a JJ JE. d ޿ AK KA{ C GJI? V E W JbI B V()a JA ޿ bJ K KI ߺ B{A{ bU CI? V() {޿ E ޵J պ x d N ()I Lcd(). d E N X ޵. B d, B{ a J KK I J , ע . VK Z K d޺ X a GW K J KAK, X K ע x{W M MK, cK, N () a d޺K X fcMJK, cJa AMG N X x{W MKK O a ߿AX I BZ ޿ Aâ, B d { ZĿ () a W պ{ A ޵J޿ ߿ . V() ߵ{W {A{ i d X EG, B V() d W J A, ע ߺ dA b޷Ģ, x{W K J Z d EAK K V() . (JW X ާ W VX:480_482) V() dA W ߿AK B{ cBZ MAX I, Ϣ ĿX I E޿J. K W K A X IU . ߺ {A ޿ Ϣ Ŀ ޿KCW V() B{ ߺ ޿AK ߺ V ߺ ޿A, cBZ MAX , Z ޢ A B Z M MZ V() { JM { W J A .

ߵ{ ߵZ B{ R NQ K {A B BZ VA V K آբ (JW X:756)W ߺGI. ߺ ߺ vA{޿ Ϣ Ŀ dCW ߺ {Z ߺAK B{޿ fW K fAX I Ϣ Ŀ آ Aޢ. آ () V () ޿ V KWA A A{K wVAޢ V() ޼ d޺ AZ d޺V ɿ W V wVAJ ޷ V ߺ d޺ B οE iAK?. BZ E V, B BZ { JA B GJW aϿJ KI BZ GAX B V() K X ߺ d޺ B Mߺ cL? BZ J W V U c a NJWG{ g٢ f ߺ I A. J W() BK B{޿ N Ϣ B W â ޶V EAK. V() K: B BZ J W K J {ߺK: d޺ a fW K X B޿ Ϣ ĿK (W W ) a x W MGAK. J BZ U J޿ L J A B f AIK ߺ J ɿ W d޺ a A 絿 dVjߺI A AIK ....... K BK آJW Ȣ BZ JK X AK fW K f AX IU cBZ g٢ fW K ޺޵ ע X ߺK fW K A ޺Ȣ ߺAK BZ οBM޵ K W K {ߺ . آբ ޢ gX ζ () a (W V J W ާV' ɼ: 29_30)W ߺGI. W KA ߺ {AK I K c.

ߺ {AK I K Z ߵ{ N X bW X K. g٢ B{, x A{ V B J K Mߺ I K RB{ K KWA KG I, KAI WAâ KG T A K J Q K ޢ â. T A B K . V() IK. B B{ x V wVAOZ I...... (ߵW ټ W: ɼ:144_145)

AJW TKJ WޥJa bآ ߺ޿ ߺAK޿ T, ߷ K. â KJ ޥJW bAK K J ZA bL ɵ , dբ K bAK. ߺ zI JA, V a zI XJ Ϣ Ŀ K. KW ߺ ߺAK W V (ߺ޿ AX ޿ ߺAK ޿޵ޢ) AKV ߺAKVA bL I K b AK. KJ ޥJ K A{ K K: RB{ B{ VNB{ ɿX Q Ac ޢ X a bJW W cAGI.

MGV ߺAKVA

ɵ ?

c:_ ߺ {{W K ߺAK {ZA ɵ A?.

J:_ , MGW K ߺAKVA ɵ A, MGV ߺAKVA I dVjAK, V K MG c. ޢ W g() K: MGW K ߺAKVA AK ɵ x W. â ߺAKV ߵ L{W , VP bߺI GG޿K, ߺ MGVA BU L V A{M ĵJ G WVNB{޿ dĢ tMG K. MZ V a JJ d Ģ AK, A {޿ V UVA I A Ŀ, dVj A IA. A{ ߺ K: ((AZ J K Z AIA, UVA I A ĿA IA)) (J :5). bB{C a ϿAW ߺAK fâ WMK. K: (( bVPJW V AK ߵ VAI)) (J :35).

c:_ L MGW K ߺAKVA ɵ AKK {?.

J:_ ()W K ޢ () MVG K {. V K: () EAK:RB{ VNB{A B{W K MG GVA, x BZA {AM. B BZ K WVNG V VAKCW â V LA, BZ K JcB{CW   B{ VVPJA VVPJAK MA K dVjA .( :3/164) ( b:1/248)

   ()W K ޢ TV MVG K b BZ MAK: Ra a BZA B{ VNBZ A {AM B B{ VNBZ WVN X VAKCW K X ߵ{VMA BZ K VNGCW BZA I X ޿ ޺JcM (bާW v:2/281).     I { V a W J 105.ޢ Ja c޶cJW iߺ A ޢ. mzV K: BZ A I AĿA{ ɵ L, K ޢ BZ K K J K.

  mzV K: MGW K ߺAKVA ɵ AKK x { ޥ ߥ޼a آ BZA ߵ W X նJ FA AX I () Vgߺ آբ آբ b MVG MG (:3/1410) J { U N () Ϣ ()a J I, Ϣ I AK.

c:_ OAZ {W ߺAK?.

J:_ , OAZ {W ߺAK V { A A ټ K. mzV MAK Z VJ {޿U d٢ I޵. VNB{ K޿ . â K: R () a AKW A CߺG. CW cU A{ CߺG..... (JKޥ:172) JW CA VJMG M K AKI K VX MAK. xJW K: C{ aϿAUV (AZ) a G CA . V a i J K K. (W : 206)

c:_OAZ W ߺAK KK L {?.

J:_ ޢ ߢ a bW ()W K MVG K: ()E W a AW պ K AK ޥ ߥ޼a d X I. (Kާ:1/519) ( :3/148), ( :1/362).

  ()W K ޢ ٶ, ϥ MVG K ()E ROAZ {W AKAI ߺAKQ ( ϥ:6/147) (ީTޢ:321_322) { iW () K: ޢ T ޢ ϥ' MVG GI ϥ MVG bc (μΩTާ:8/211) bK EGI.

i VX MAK diA: Ra VPJW MGߺ V MGK BZ A V aϿAW ߺAK fâ WMK. ( X:169) A{ CW OA{, bi{ ߺAWI x tMG â VA A{A{ U.

  x () K: (), a AV bi() MG a A X A X AIK â U a VJ B{, K a . KW V() W MGMZ V() K K I X ܼAKW A G X A A' ( :6/202) آբ V() W K KI K MU I VH K KAKI.

VAJAW:

           c:_z {I JAW ?.

J:_ , . K KJAMK m ޵ ߺAK.

c:_ LK {?.

J:_ K {Z A JX A.

(K) i V N MAK. RBZA W A AMG d Ȣ d ޵V A VPVֵ JU A ޵KQ ( X:96) x JW K: RX C K X dAAK. X U J{ صJ I, I K޿X Wߺ AK. (VϢ:31) JR XQ ( X C) K JI KK {. x J K:R ޢ d W bA W W K N LBZ ߺ޿AKK a dâ ߺX id. (ޥ:1) J R Q K I i֢ OA{ { I ޢ VJ A KK ޢ () a W W A ޢ. I K VJ K آ I K B{W K U Vߵ B{W K A dAX A.

   BU AJZ AX I V JZ rߺK K Aޢ.

() G iAK () K:X () ߵ{K J I ߿J zV B { x Ϣ K B{ ߵ{ W KU { W V iAK (ߢ:4/1812) ( :3/133) (W :7/68).

bJ B{ JK I ޷J I fAKK K N MAK.

W () B{ JW K Wɢ a ɿJMW KM߿MߺK. B i {W a M MGMZ W i ޿ OUK J a M K IMZ bߵ{W K V BZ J M K dA{ VJO K. K EMZ W () X a M MGI EȿAK ߺ MW X B{ W K Wɢ KM߿MߺGIU J{ X iJ ޺ M d dAMG U M c ߵ { W M X M K. (b W V:4/105)(W J K:7/92). J A V A{W G A RVT ޶W J Tb:435Q ߺGI آJW J AK B{ I iJW Ϣ Ŀ I K AX c.

ޢ MVG K: ()K X () AW K BZ JW ٢ާW A W() B{ { AU UMdĢ W ߿ߺ AK BZ B{ {a U GX I E dAK B {a U Wɢ GW JW V GK VAC GCW G AW K B V JW G AJ AK ޷J ޷A K. (:1/148)

ޢ MVG K: B{ J {Mߺ U I () AJJK( :1/267). ޥ() JߺI K ()ߺ BZ G U ޷J ޷AI (W :1/128) ( :6/347).

() I AJJ آ ޢ {W ߺCW B{ ˢ JW G AJJ آբ ޢ a b:5/330., B{ Ģ ߺ AJJ آբ b a RW V:10/455., N X B{ dĢ ߺ AJJ dĢ޵ߢ a Q:4/63., 殢 RWJ:2/67., { ټW QW b:3/13. x mz iߺ ޢ. () tMG ޢ I bJ VAJJ b A {AX A A. f iUVA d ߺ K {.   <<<Back                   

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