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ߵ ߥJ ߺ LcX ߥJ ߺ A c޶cAMGIAK. V LcX ߥJ ߺ V ȿJOZ x V fW ߥJ V AK. ĵ bA ߥJ A ߵ L޷AĢ xJJKU bJ x V. ޢ G AX I ߺ MJ޵. () a εZA ȿMA ߵZ K zV ߥJ W f. ca X B{ a AZA . R ߶ Q dsBZ VH dߺGI. ߶ dsB{W MJ Jc J c a Ȣ JW آcK ri UVA . c BZ dߺ '߶" dsBZ ĵߺ K ߢZ R ߥJ BZQ K K. ' BZ a a V m A, J BZ KdAW A A (, KJ) οA , "(4:59)    K iVX ޵c '߶" BZA . V KJ ީ ( V m JJa d d ߷ߺ. W cJ c V Z , KJ A Jc ߵZ (â) IJK ViߺA. J KߵZ W dߺ պ dsBZ ߥJ B{ bߺK. Va JW d BZ xJJZA AX ߢZ . I ĵߺ V MI.  

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1915 Ya Lc ߺ Lc zVA W B{W bL cŵ{ G޺B{ AK K I. xU {W K ޿W VJߺ Ϣ dsB{ ߵߵJ ׵{ G޺B{ xK. MZ mz ƷB{ bAK. MJU ߵZ bAX ߢZ VtK. J ߵZ ɵVJ dߺ ĵKW VK .. K. R The principal of Muhammedan law” K ĵ. 1906 d a d diâ. 1993 W ߺ Jޢ M JBK MK. d xĵ xx{ GB{ mz VgB{ ܢߺ ߵZ WK ޿ߵ{ . W AJ { ߵZ dcfMK. ߢ mz x {ߵ 1937 W W K ߢ W AX K. ߢ c΢(ߥJ BZ) K MAMK. J ߢZA߿I _OcBZ x Vj ߵ ΢ ܵcB{W ̵cB{W ǵAK a fc.   a K B. (1937 29_ޢ OV ) ߢ c d޷ 1937. LcX آB{W ߢ J ΢ MAX c K . LcX آB{W ߢ c ΢ MAX cW ޺޵W KǢ W VNâ K.

mߵ{BK d W K, I mߵ A Aޢ. W K a c g cK. (1)   ߢ ߥJ d޷ K {AMK. (2) Lc آBZA ǵ. (1937 W   Lc ޷K BZ K A ̢K c) (2) ޺BZ LAG ( A ǵ) J J LVյ֢, dA d, , x iAK bJ, ٢, b޶, ޥ, W, : X, {V K ZMU ޺, f, , f޵Vb, , bf(VNJ VNBZA K VMBZ ߺ) آtߺ ߢ{ W IK V VAB{ J ߺ AI޵K.

3 ޢ mߵW mߵW J, J յ{W ǵK VJGI 60_ޢ  mߵW ޢ, , CZ, d, ޢ, , F, cd, V B {W ޷BZ J޵W Xߺ dɶcAK ޢ  

d a c آfAMI VP LK d fK K Aޢ. W dߺ a B{K K VA xiA VA WV X NX. J tJ G޺B{ A ޿ ߵ{ GVJ ĵKAg dߺ. ߢ c K xiߺAK.

v BZA d a dص ǵ޵KUK c. K â W W Ȣ A K. KW AJ ޿ߵZ ߥJ BZ TAK mzW KK. { ޿ ޷MJK. յZA ߵߵIK. ߨ X޼, ܢ: : KK d ܢ̢ KW WJ c Ģ bdL d J ɵ NX WGX M A ϿA dG ax{ ߵAMG ׵{ x ޿ AK dOϢ J . d K x J ޷ V x ĵB{ ޿ߵ{ J ߺߵ . AJW WAJ CMG ޿ߵ{W ߥJ BZ c޶cAMX . ߢZ dc AI. 

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Ʒ dĢ AK O d {IIK բ JK KA. dآfâ fcպ c d ΢ ƷJ 1939W ߢ ͼ K. O B{W dZA VJ AX յ֢ WKK d Ʒ.   VJ ߵK C VM d Ʒdɵ ޿ AX d{ յK A VKK. 1937 ΢ JW cK ޢ. KW 1939 Ʒ d NK.  K I {ߺ ߢ dZA յ֢ Ģ ȿϿAX ޿ AK bdL A VK K. ĵBZ KW WĵBZ AKW M B{ M޿{ bߵK. ߿A ߥJ B{W ߵLAĢ K V֢ ȿJ mzV ߺ J IA K. 1973W   x a dt B{ dW ȿɿd΢ 125(1)(A) յMa I. c K JW V٢ ȿJJ cW ZMJI. ޢ d պ GK. KW KJ ddL d w޷t G cdɵ A AյI   WM W ޢJU ޿ gAK AI. ߢZA bJ յW.

1985      I d V ؼ. N N , NI W d ޿ 1985 dW 23 ޷ VX RޥQ K J ޷MJ ߺK M޿. d J ߵߺI d ޼ t bJU Va 1986W ߢ آf ΢ KW Ʒ AI. d޿ ޺ dA J WJ յ֢ Va x A WKCW Va A Ʒ   J iK K .

dآ 150 , tJ dA ޿AX ߺ J i. KW RޥQ ߸IA RaXQ KVj W. ާ J W cLK ߢ mz޿X VNAZ K. J ļUV VaIK. W 1989 ߢ آf JW ĵܢ X ޿AK, fA{CW ն Va I޷ߺ ޿AK ߥJ I.

W c V٢ d ޿AK x CW ߥJ آf dɵ xϿA f Jf WI 絿 J. ߵ J VJ ޼ߺ. 'ޥ" cVJAz AĢ { MJK c K A ߥJ VtA. ޿AMK آc A KJ c J ߺAKKVj. VU M.

Ʒ d B{ J d Mߺ. W U B{W ޵ĵ{I? K ߺ ƷJX { Ja   ζܵ{ ļU mآJ WMߺ Vg֢ bߺ ȿMAX Va, f KCW VAI ߺ 1986 Ʒ ߵ L޷ A J Ʒ VN ȿJK 1937 cJa c d MJ W JA A ɵA KU ޢ LAâ. I ޢ Ʒ VAX VtK, ߢ W V ƷA BK.

, W, , ޥ B μVAK (8_7_97)d JW, 1937 ߢ c dȢ diK TAޢ. ( W E VA) W Wa B{W ZMJ dc V. ߵߵ dsB{K 'gW V" dɵ Eޢ. 'Wa BZ F޵K. K '" (ɼ:_3,443) dZA WI cĵ{ޢ A K t޿U ޺I gcK VK MJAޢ. W Wa JWG dc . 1937 W dc JEA ϵc dߺ Y L޷A V iAI 絿 d.

xZ cb, K b޶ KߺW, bJյ֢ K ߵ dߺ J ƷA {ߵGK. JW ߥJ ߺ cb b޶a B{ GB{ bJյJa cc ޿ bAX JKcB{K LAV VA Ʒ cM K. cJb Ģ, cGB{W dĢ ߺ ߥJ VAKV ޵A{ ߺ xJ bB{ ߺ c ޺ A ɺA޿ߵG.

Kߺ W ߷AK V Vc޶cȢ KdĢ ޵K VjA KߵK. Vߵ dJ շߺIU d V ߥJ J c . LյJW dA c յ֢ ߺIK W Vtc Wߺ ޿A ߺ VA W A J d bJ A. d Ƣ J i .

VϢ ߺ dZA Nd : ޥJ{ bdLc GJU ɢ cd. ߥJa B{ Ʒ dɶcA IAK ޥJ MZ JbȢ ȿJ. RdG LcW MG K K ߢ c J a dBZA  ߵ A WcBZA A ޥJ dɶc ϢQ (c΢ :1997 23) ߵ K cɵJa Vj cC a dBZ dĢ A ޥJV â cMKK c. c ΢ KI V gAKLK յd. 1937 c gCW J Ƣ W VgߺGK ޢ TA. R J޶ KVM޿ ߥJQ K dW ޢ 1941 W dȢ ȿMAJK ߥJa dd Ƣ. ߥJ d VG K ߺGKa . VX dοJ a dĢ A Va OV Ʒ I ޢ IE. K ޥJa dɶc fcK K. R Z A V KJ A ޵MJ ޥJa g֢Q (dȢ: :7 :38) MZ Z { ߥJ VW K KJW K I߿ߺW a ܢ LA Kc L. ' ߵ AĢ" K ޥJa JW K cJa բ TAK

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